8. The Black Watch Medal Roll: 1801 – 1911, page 191
He appears to have been discharged from the Regular Army about this time but the exact date is not to hand. He then joined the Volunteer Force as an Instructor on the Staff of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, The Black Watch. In 1908. with the formation of the Territorial Force , this unit became the 6th ( Perthshire ) Battalion , The Black Watch .
He served in the First World War, enlisting as a Reservist at Crieff on