Paradoxically the speed of their move from north to south was greatly attributable to the excellent road system put in by none other than General Wade in the aftermath of the 1715 Uprising . Cope had by this time moved north and had to back pedal at a rate of knots in pursuit of the Highland hoard. The clash took place at Prestonpans in East Lothian. The Hanoverian side was made up mainly of raw recruits and was emphatically defeated by the Jacobite forces. A feature of the Jacobite victory was the employment of the “ Highland charge “. The tactic was to approach the enemy lines and hover just out of range of the muskets . The Highlanders would adopt a taunting approach by jeering , shouting and making false charges . This usually caused the enemy to discharge their muskets too early . At this period of time muskets were somewhat un reliable and took some time to reload . This of course allowed the Highlanders to take the initiative . They would fire their muskets into the heart of the enemy ,promptly discard them and charge at full speed with their broad swords swinging about them . Such was the extent of the Jacobite victory that the road south into England was now clear . Lord George Murray advised caution . The French were supposedly about to attack the Channel Ports and panic ensued in and around London . Charles failed to listen to the advice of Murray in that they should ensure that things such as coal supplies to the embattled south should be stopped . He had assumed that Jacobite support from centres in the North would be forthcoming but this did not materialise . He pressed on towards Derby , having a clear run as the Hanoverian forces were being held back to deal with what was believed to be an imminent invasion from France and Louis XV . It rapidly transpired that this was not forthcoming . The French had already experienced a disastrous failure when in March 1744 they had set out to invade Southern England and a violent storm saw twelve vessels lost out of Dunkirk , seven of them with all hands .
Lord George Murray
The Jacobite Sojourn at Crieff En Route to Culloden
Culloden and the Aftermath
Strathearn Men Recorded As Fighting For The Jacobite Cause
The Duke of Cumberland : Better known in Scotland as
" Butcher " Cumberland
rebels is well documented .